Heart mitral valve disease (MVD) is a terminal illness which may afflict over half of all cavalier King Charles spaniels by the age of 5 years and nearly all Cavaliers by age 10 years. It is CKCSs' leading cause of death.
- More: Cavalier King Charles spaniel MVD
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- February 2016 -- OUR BLOG: EPIC trial results are scheduled to be announced at the ACVIM Forum in Denver in June.
- January 2016 -- Pancreatic lesions were found in 51.9% of post-mortem samples of cavaliers in UK study.
- January 2016 -- Renal lesions were found in 52.2% of post-mortem samples of cavaliers in UK study.
- January 2016 -- US's Food & Drug Administration warns drug manufacturers to not market levothyroxine sodium drugs unapproved by FDA.
- January 2016 -- Japanese researchers find the right ventricular Tei-index (RVTX) "strongly correlated with early death in dogs with MMVD".
- January 2016 -- French researchers include two cavaliers in study of facial and vestibular neuropathy of unknown origin.
- January 2016 -- Researchers find heart enlargement in cases of MVD and DCM has disease-specific causes and not just volume overload.
- January 2016 -- Neurologist Cerda-Gonzalez finds a close association of atlantooccipital overlapping (AOO) in cavaliers with clinical signs of SM.
- January 2016 -- US Neurologist Rossmeisl finds PSOM, CM/SM, brachycephalic airway obstruction syndrome and laryngeal paralysis in a cavalier.
- January 2016 - UK study of epileptic dogs also finds attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) behaviors, and that a ketogenic medium chain triglyceride diet (MCTD) improved the ADHD activities.
- January 2016 - A study including cavaliers finds CT myelography is 100% accurate in detecting the sites of intervertebral disc herniation lesions.
- December 2015 - Study shows that the severity of asymptomatic MVD shows no association with serum C-reactive protein concentrations.
- December 2015 - SM syrinx formation computer model discounts likelihood that cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities create syrinxes.
- December 2015 - Fluoxetine treatments successfully treat two CKCSs with episodic falling syndrome.
- December 2015 - Alaska has a board certified veterinary cardiologist -- Dr. Dawn Webber.
- December 2015 - Neurologist Jason King sums up Chiari-like malformation.
- December 2015 - UK vet schools need cavaliers for neck pain study.
- December 2015 - Could an implant prolong a dog's life after congestive heart failure? Read about the vagus nerve stimulation device.
- December 2015 - Dr. Josh Stern gives up on finding MVD-free cavaliers for genetic research.
- December 2015 - Danish research concludes levetiracetam was not effective as mono-therapy for idiopathic epilepsy.
- November 2015 - Neurologists summarize research status of episodic falling syndrome in cavaliers.
- November 2015 - Study shows cavalier puppies' emotional and behavioral development are later than two other breeds.
- November 2015 - Dr. Loughin summarizes the current view of Chiari-like malformation.
- November 2015 - Japanese clinicians find Fuji Dri-Chem lipase aided diagnosis of acute pancreatitis.
- November 2015 - Denmark Kennel Club proves a rigorous mandatory MVD breeding protocol works.
- November 2015 - Study of 24 fly-biters (10 CKCSs) recommends several diagnostic procedures and finds fluoxetine treatment superior to phenobarbital.
- November 2015 - UK researchers need CM/SM-affected cavaliers for pain treatment study.
- November 2015 - Content analysis of 17 commercial canned pet foods show falsehoods in nearly all of their ingredient lists.
- October 2015 - OUR BLOG: Too many cavaliers are too fat!
- October 2015 - Austrian cardio-surgeon performs mitral valve surgery on cavalier with MVD.
- October 2015 - Japan study of insured dogs shows the cavalier has the highest odds of having a cardiovascular disorder.
- October 2015 - George Strain reviews PSOM in the cavalier King Charles spaniel.
- October 2015 - UK researchers compare echocardiography with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging in assessing MVD.
- October 2015 - OUR BLOG: Cardiologists focus on bionic fixes to the leaking mitral valve.
- October 2015 - Cardiologist George Kramer seeks funding for his Tucker valve to prevent backflow through heart valves.
- October 2015 - Dutch researchers determine that the optimum time for daily doses of ACE-inhibitors to dogs in congestive heart failure is expected to be at bedtime.
- October 2015 - UK researchers find anti-epileptic properties in ketogenic diets reduce seizure frequencies in epileptic dogs.
- September 2015 - Belgian researchers find the pulmonary-vein-to-pulmonary-artery ratio increases with severity of MVD.
- September 2015 - Swedish researchers find echocardiographic variables that can identify pulmonary hypertension in dogs with MVD.
- September 2015 - Tufts researchers find possible cardiac cachexia preventative is well tolerated by dogs in congestive heart failure.
- September 2015 - Japanese cardiologists find overdose of pimobendan accelerates progression of MVD.
- September 2015 - Italian researchers find retinal dysplasia and microphthalmia in a family of CKCSs.
- September 2015 - International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force reports on epilepsy in cavaliers.
- September 2015 - International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force issues a consensus proposal on diagnosing idiopathic epilepsy.
- September 2015 - International Veterinary Epilepsy Task Force reports on myoclonus in cavaliers.
- September 2015 - UK researchers report mixed results of tympanostomy tube treatment for PSOM in cavaliers.
- September 2015 - International team of cardiologists and nephrologists issue a Consensus Statement on cardio-renal disorders.
- September 2015 - Study of healthy dogs finds enalapril suppresses ACE activity but does not suppress circulating RAAS.
- August 2015 - Japanese researchers find that vitamin D concentration declines with the progression of MVD in dogs, including cavaliers.
- August 2015 - Thai researchers find plasma Galectin-3 increases with cardiac fibrosis in MVD-affected dogs.
- August 2015 - Statistical analysis of MRI-scanned asymptomatic cavaliers show that the presence of a syrinx is a risk factor for later development of clinical signs of CM/SM.
- August 2015 - Cerebellar infarction symptoms in cavaliers resemble acute vestibular signs.
- August 2015 - Japanese researchers find a congenital cerebral cavity, porencephaly, in a fly-biting cavalier.
Veterinary specialists have designed breeding guidelines to eliminate early-onset mitral valve disease in cavalier King Charles spaniels.
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Syringomyelia (SM) is reported to be "very widespread" in the cavalier King Charles spaniel breed. Syringomyelia is a disorder of the brain and spinal cord, which may cause severe head and neck pain and possible paralysis.
- More: CKCS syringomyelia
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- MRI screening protocol for SM
- Find a neurologist in the USA and Canada
- Estimated Breeding Values (EBVs)
- "Pedigree Dogs Exposed"
- "Pedigree Dogs Exposed - Three Years On"
Hip dysplasia reportedly afflicts up to one out of every four cavalier King Charles spaniels. It is a genetic disease which can cause the dogs pain and debilitation.
Low blood platelet counts in cavaliers usually are not a health problem. Many veterinarians are misled by low platelet counts to wrongly diagnose anemia or other serious disorders.
The size and shape of its head can cause serious breathing problems for the cavalier King Charles spaniel. Elongated soft palates, stenotic nares, everted laryngeal saccules, and laryngeal collapse are inherited developmental defects in the breed.
Cavalier King Charles spaniels appear predisposed to develop cerebellar infarcts, or strokes.
Cavaliers are predisposed to a form of congenital deafness, which is present at birth, and also to a progressive hereditary hearing loss, which usually begins during puppyhood and worsens, or progresses, until the dog is completely deaf, usually between the ages of three and five years.
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